Galen Biery Collection, CPNWS, Bellingham WA

2018 Cultural Resource Protection Summit
Living Landscapes, Living Cultures

Day 1 – Wednesday, May 23, 2018

8:00 - 8:30 AM – Registration / Continental Breakfast / Socialize & Enjoy the Popular “Intro Slideshow”

8:30 - 8:45 AM – Prayer / Welcome / Facilitated Review of Group Demographics

Master of Ceremonies:  Dennis Lewarch, Suquamish Tribe & Summit Agenda Planning Committee

Facilitator:  Micca Metz, Cardno & Summit Agenda Planning Committee

8:45 - 9:45 AM – Opening Keynote Address

Marion Werkheiser, founding partner of Cultural Heritage Partners law firm in Washington, DC & Government Relations Strategist for the Coalition for American Heritage and the American Cultural Resources Association (ACRA)

The Federal Regulatory and Legislative Landscape
We welcome Marion Werkheiser from the “other Washington” as she shares with us the very latest about the Federal regulatory and legislative landscape.  Listen to the news from Capitol Hill and the White House, and learn how actions in Congress and the Administration will impact cultural resource management efforts in our region and across the country.  Get informed and get involved!

Speaker Introduction:  Brian Durkin, Archaeological Law & Policy (ALP) Center

Session #1 (10:00 - 10:45 AM)
The Federal Landscape – Advancing Tribal Cultural Interests Before the Congress and the Administration: Building a Bi-Partisan Coalition in Support of Tribal Values

This session will explore various initiatives undertaken over the last few years to advance Tribal cultural protections in the Congress and before the Federal Government.  We will discuss lessons learned and legal, lobbying, public relations and other strategies for developing bi-partisan support for advancing Tribal positions.  The session will include discussions about the implementation of current law (e.g. the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act), as well as the status of current legislation (e.g. the Safeguard Tribal Objects of Patrimony Act, S. 1400 and H.R. 3211) and the possibility of additional legislation in the future.

Presenter:  Gregory A. Smith, Hobbs Strauss Dean & Walker law firm (Washington, DC)
Speaker Introduction:  Brian Durkin, Archaeological Law & Policy (ALP) Center

Session #2 (11:00 - 11:45 AM)
The State Landscape – Updates from the Washington State Department of Archaeology and Historic Preservation (DAHP)
Selected staff members from DAHP will be on hand during this hour to provide updates and briefings on activities and initiatives underway at the State Historic Preservation Office.  Lance Wollwage will talk about his work administering DAHP’s Archaeological Site Permitting process and the Department’s work to draft and adopt new rules to that would create an archaeological site monitoring permit.  Gretchen Kaehler will provide tips and comments about working with the SHPO on projects being reviewed under State Environmental Policy Act (SEPA) regulations and guidelines.  Of interest will be Kim Gant’s discussion about DAHP’s WISAARD with updates on current status of the online system, plus looking ahead to what is on the horizon for changes and updates.  Greg Griffith will round out the panel with a briefing on DAHP’s work to draft and adopt a new state historic preservation plan.  The plan serves the state’s historic preservation community, stakeholders, and the public with a roadmap for how we work together to protect cultural and historic resources in the next 5 years.  Greg will also be on hand in the afternoon to receive your feedback about the plan.

Session Organizer/Panelist:  Greg Griffith, Deputy State Historic Preservation Officer
Panelists:  Kim Gant, Local Preservation Program and Survey/Inventory Program Manager
Gretchen Kaehler, Assistant State Archaeologist for Local Governments
Lance Wollwage, Assistant State Archaeologist

11:45 AM - 12:00 PM – Open Q&A

Have a burning question that you haven’t had an opportunity to ask yet?  Now’s your chance!  Speakers from the morning sessions will be available to answer more questions, as will the entire room of experienced Summit attendees.  Let’s all help each other find the answers we are seeking.

Moderator:  Dennis Lewarch, Suquamish Tribe & Summit Agenda Planning Committee

12:00 - 1:00 PM – Lunch at the House (lunch provided)

Check back to see who will be catering!  Hint: tacos may be involved.

Session #3 (1:00 - 1:45 PM)
The Educational Landscape – Cultural Resources Trainings: Audience, Effectiveness, Pitfalls

Cultural resources trainings are being offered almost monthly to both professionals and non-cultural resources individuals.  Trainings can be a great way to add education and outreach to CRM, both updating skills for professionals and offering insight into our vocation by others.  Trainings are becoming more common as mitigation measures and in cultural resource management plans.  However, one size does not fit all.  This panel will discuss programs that have been developed for a State agency, a County, and a City; how they vary by audience; the types of projects they spring from and the sensitivity of the area; and what approaches could make them more effective.

Session Organizer:  Lucy Flynn O’Quinn, DOWL
Panelists:  Tom Minichillo, King County – Road Services Division
Heather Walker, Washington State Dept. of Health-Office of Drinking Water
Scott Williams, Washington State Department of Transportation (WSDOT)

Session #4 (2:00 - 2:45 PM)
The Environmental Landscape – Weathering Change: Learning from the 2017 Heritage Preservation and Climate Change Survey and Sharing Local Experiences

In response to growing concerns about how climate change impacts may threaten cultural resources, the National Trust for Historic Preservation and ICF collaborated to develop and conduct the 2017 Heritage Preservation and Climate Change Survey as research to inform greater understanding of awareness, current activities, perceived needs, and priorities among preservation and cultural resources stakeholders most likely to encounter climate change impacts on historic and culturally significant places.  This session presents findings from that nationwide research, discusses implications relevant to Washington, and offers an opportunity to engage in a dialogue about next steps.  This conversation will include a moderated panel discussion that explores efforts being undertaken by agencies, tribes, and cultural resource management professionals as they develop creative response strategies.

Session Organizer:  January Tavel, ICF
Panelists:  Greg Griffith, WA State Dept. of Archaeology & Historic Preservation (DAHP)
Katherine Kelly, Washington State Department of Fish & Wildlife (DFW)
Maurice Major, Washington State Department of Natural Resources (DNR)
Quinault Indian Nation (invited)

3:00 - 3:15 PM – The Summit Players Return for More CRM in the Round!  Don’t Miss the World-Premiere of Their Latest Regulatory “Play”

Description coming soon.  Our favorite Off-Off-Broadway Players are back by popular demand!  Watch as they grapple with a whole new dramatic interpretation of a cultural resource scenario.  The Summit Playwright is hard at work on a brand new script that is sure to entertain!

Playwright/Player:  Paula Johnson, Environmental Science Associates (ESA)
The Players:  Jason Cooper, Washington State Dept. of Transportation (WSDOT)
Jenny Dellert, Environmental Science Associates (ESA) 
Chris Lockwood, Environmental Science Associates (ESA)
Other Players TBD

3:15 - 3:30 PM – Come Together…Over Olcott: An Update on Recent Collaborative Work at a Local Olcott Site

The Olcott Site, 45SN14, was first recorded nearly 60 years ago by Butler.  This site was fundamental in defining a post-Clovis time period, similar materials having been found throughout western Washington, specifically along the South Fork Stillaguamish and Lake Sammamish.

Situated upstream from two named Stillaguamish villages, the Olcott site was a heavily utilized hunting area for many thousands of years.  The site has been disturbed through the years from farming and domestic use of the land, yet it remains remarkably intact.  Due to recent disturbance, the Stillaguamish Tribe of Indians collaborated with DAHP, the landowner, and Cardno to examine the site more closely.

Working together with the landowners, tribal and canoe family members, agencies, college professors, and consultants, a portion of the site was excavated to characterize the site profile, and approximately 13 cubic meters of back-dirt were screened to recover cultural materials.  Such support exemplifies our close-knit community and our willingness to come together.

Presenters:  Kerry Lyste, Stillaguamish Tribe of Indians
Jennifer Ferris, Cardno

3:30 - 3:45 PM – Open Q&A

Have a(nother) burning question that you haven’t had an opportunity to ask yet?  Here’s a second chance!  Speakers from the afternoon sessions will be available to answer more questions, as will the entire room of experienced Summit attendees (minus those who snuck out early).  Let’s all continue to help each other find those elusive answers!

Moderator:  Dennis Lewarch, Suquamish Tribe & Summit Agenda Planning Committee

3:45 - 4:45 PM
Language on the Landscape – Language Walk-About

Get your walking shoes on!  It’s time to explore the important places and place-names around Suquamish.  Join a Suquamish guide for a stroll through the landscape and an accompanying Lushootseed lesson.  Anticipated stops include Old Man House, Chief Seattle’s grave, and the Suquamish Museum.

Session Organizer/Guide:  Dennis Lewarch, Suquamish Tribe
Other Suquamish Guides TBA 

5:30 - 7:00 PM – Welcoming Reception at Suquamish Clearwater Casino Resort

Location:  Resort Lobby Bar

After a day of listening and learning about landscapes, it’s time to relax and enjoy your free drink ticket, delicious appetizers, and one of the loveliest views on the Salish Sea (seascape?).  Enjoy an opportunity to visit with friends, old and new, and talk about cultural resources (or how nice it is to see each other outside the office landscape!)

You are also invited to stop by the Kitsap Hall (just down the hall from the Reception area) and visit with Ed Carriere, Suquamish Elder and Master Basketmaker, and Dale Croes, Pacific Northwest Archaeological Society and Services.  Ed and Dale will share a display of Ed’s unique basketry and sign copies of their brand new book which will be available for purchase.  Don’t miss this special opportunity to see Ed’s beautiful basketry in person and talk with the Master Basketmaker himself!

Day 2 – Thursday, May 24, 2018

8:00 - 8:30 AM – Registration / Continental Breakfast / Socialize & Enjoy the Popular “Intro Slideshow”

8:30 - 8:45 AM – Prayer / Welcome / Facilitated Review of Group Demographics / Recap of Day #1

Master of Ceremonies:  Dennis Lewarch, Suquamish Tribe & Summit Agenda Planning Committee

Facilitator:  Micca Metz, Cardno & Summit Agenda Planning Committee

Session #5 (8:45 - 9:45 AM)
Landscape Basics – Reading the Land:  Benefits and Applications of Cultural Landscape Studies to Document Traditional Cultural Knowledge

Many historic sites have rich cultural traditions that are closely linked to the significant character of the place.  Standard cultural resource practices often focus on dominant physical and man-made features and fail to recognize the cultural significance of landscapes and the role of traditional knowledge in conveying the meaning of place.  Combining aspects of archeology, natural resource management, cultural history, oral history, plant identification, biology, ethnography, and related disciplines—the cultural landscape approach offers a means to document historic places and their value to local communities, including significant cultural associations, traditions, and sacred qualities embodied in the land.  This session will provide an overview of the cultural landscape approach to documenting historic landscapes, highlight examples of culturally significant places associated with the Spokane Tribe of Indians, examine the ways that tribal traditional knowledge can inform these studies, and explore opportunities this approach offers for protecting traditional cultural places.

Panelists:  Margo Hill, Eastern Washington University (EWU) Tribal Planning Program
Gretchen Hilyard, ICF

Session #6 (10:00 - 10:45 AM)
Traditional Cultural Landscapes – Approaching Traditional Cultural Landscapes as Interrelated Dimensions and Intensive Zones of Historical and Cultural Significance

Among agencies tasked with historic preservation and management, much confusion continues to exist about when, how, and why to consider properly – in good faith and in consultation with Native American Tribes – Traditional Cultural Landscapes, or TCLs. Under regulations such as the National Historic Preservation Act (NHPA), TCLs are considered a type of significance, much like a Traditional Cultural Property (TCP), rather than a “property type” eligible for listing in the National Register of Historic Places (NRHP). This fact should not deter TCL consideration in compliance processes. On the contrary, identifying and outlining eligibility requires good faith attentive and creative engagement with criteria, terms, and procedures of the sequential steps of the NHPA, as well as other regulations, such as the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA).
This session brings together different Tribal, agency, and cultural resources consultant experiences with and perspectives on the vital importance – and bureaucratic and conceptual challenges – of TCLs. Within the context of the Pacific Northwest, these challenges become more complex as they may intersect, fall within, or completely envelope treaty lands and usual and accustomed use areas (U&As). NHPA and NEPA hold different requirements, implications, and standards of inclusion than treaty and U&A rights and consultation. A recent study of a multi-affiliated Native American TCP on the Seattle waterfront will serve as a concrete example and entrance point to discuss openly the promises and challenges of TCLS and when, how – and, perhaps most importantly, why – they must be approached as interrelated dimensions and intensive zones of historical and cultural significance to achieve good faith efforts and adequate consideration in any identification, documentation, evaluation, and/or assessment of Native American historic properties and cultural resources.

Session Organizer/Panelist: Giorgio Curti, Cultural Geographics
Panelists: Kendall Campbell, US Navy
Warren King George, Muckleshoot Indian Tribe
Cassandra Manetas, WA State Department of Transportation (WSDOT)

Session #7 (11:00 - 11:45 AM)
Mitigation on the Landscape – Balancing Archaeological Site Loss With Environmental Restoration

The Navy encountered an intact shell midden while replacing an earthen causeway with a bridge across the mouth of Cattail Creek on Naval Base Kitsap Bangor. The purpose of the project was environmental restoration – returning tidal regimes to the creek and encouraging a more natural stream environment. To complete the restoration work, part of the site would have to be destroyed. To mitigate this destruction, the Navy retained Historical Research Associates and their subconsultant SWCA to perform data recovery.
This session provides an example of a mitigation project that required site destruction for compensatory environmental restoration. The session consists of three parts: 1) a brief overview of the Cattail mitigation project and discovery of the shell midden, 2) an overview of the excavations, geomorphology, and information gained from site mitigation, and 3) a Panel Discussion on balancing site destruction with environmental restoration at the site and landscape level; preferred types of mitigation; and if/how Natural Resources play into mitigation considerations.

Session Organizer: Susan Hughes, US Navy (NAVFAC NW)
Speaker/Facilitator: David Grant, US Navy (NAVFAC NW)

Speakers: Brandy Rinck, King County – Parks and Recreation
Alexander Stevenson, Historical Research Associates (HRA)

Discussants:  Dave Conca, National Park Service
Dennis Lewarch, Suquamish Tribe
Kris Miller, Skokomish Indian Tribe
Stormy Purser, Port Gamble S’Klallam Tribe
William S. White, Lower Elwha Klallam Tribe

12:00 - 1:00 PM – Lunch at the House (lunch provided)

Check back to see who will be catering!  Hint: pizza may be involved.

Session #8 (1:00 - 1:45 PM)
Life on the Landscape – Landscapes, Culture, and the Japanese Diaspora in the Puget Sound and South Salish Sea Region

The Japanese presence in the Puget Sound and Salish Sea region has played an important role in the formation of local culture, economy, and history.  As some of the first non-Native and non-Anglo immigrants to the region who were able to establish and build a multi-generational presence in the Pacific Northwest, the Japanese-American “Issei” and “Nisei” (“first” and “second” generation populations) influenced the development of the culture of the Pacific Northwest.

In this session, David Carlson will discuss the interface between labor and landscape at Barnestown, WA, noting that the intersections of “race” and economic class (among other variables) help to explain landscape use at the site.  Emily Scott will address issues of landscape use and modification at the site of “Japanese Gulch” in Mukilteo, WA, a site associated with the Mukilteo Lumber Company (later, the Crown Lumber Company).  Floyd Aranyosi will discuss the evolution of the landscape at Yama Village, located in Port Blakely Harbor on Bainbridge Island, with an emphasis on the ways that landscape influenced the formative years of Japanese-American culture and the ways in which Japanese and Japanese-American culture influenced the evolution of the landscape at the site, as well as the ways in which depositional, post-depositional, and recovery processes influence our understanding of the site.

Presenters:  Floyd Aranyosi, Olympic College
David Carlson, University of Washington
Emily Scott, Cardno

Session #9 (2:00 - 2:45 PM)
(Plant) Life on the Landscape – Return of the Waptu

Waptu (Sagitaria latifolia), once prevalent in the lower Yakima Valley on the Yakama Indian Reservation, was nearing extirpation until the early 2000s when the Yakama Wetlands and Riparian Restoration Project helped restore lands back to historic hydraulic conditions.  A very important cultural food plant, waptu or Wapato potato, is but one success story the Yakama Nation Wildlife Project has.  It is a simple story of how water, people, animals, and plant resources evolve together through time.

Presenter:  Jon Shellenberger, Yakama Nation

3:00 - 4:00 PM
Facilitated Small-Group Discussions
Leveraging Landscapes: Another Problem-Solving Tool?

Join a small group of fellow attendees for a facilitated discussion about how we might leverage a landscape approach to enhance our problem-solving toolkits.  Each small group will be asked to tackle the same high-level question:  How could you use a landscape approach to address some of the greatest current challenges to effective cultural resource protection?

What are those challenges?  Thanks to our presenters, we only have to look back at the Summit sessions for examples:  regulatory rollbacks; regulatory streamlining; archaeological permitting; technological advances, such as GIS; consultation; preservation planning; climate change; language revitalization; cultural resource reporting; mitigation; ethnographic studies; ethnobotanical utilization and preservation.

After your small group discussion, reconvene with the group as a whole to share the main points of your discussion and solicit insights and input from all the participants.  Learn about and from one another so that we can all move towards more effective cultural resource protection.

Moderator:  Micca Metz, Cardno & Summit Agenda Planning Committee
Small-Group Facilitators:
Don Amor, Puget Sound Energy (PSE) & Summit Agenda Planning Committee
Ayla Aymond, Historical Research Associates (HRA) & Summit Agenda Planning Committee
Jason Cooper, Washington State Department of Transportation (WSDOT)
Jenny Dellert, Environmental Science Associates (ESA) & Summit Agenda Planning Committee
Amber Earley, SWCA Environmental Consultants & Summit Agenda Planning Committee
Jennifer Ferris, Cardno & Summit Agenda Planning Committee
Paula Johnson, Environmental Science Associates (ESA)
Chris Lockwood, Environmental Science Associates (ESA)
Jordan Pickrell, Historical Research Associates (HRA) & Summit Agenda Planning Committee
Sarah Steinkraus, Tierra Right of Way Services & Summit Agenda Planning Committee
Katherine Kelly, WA State Department of Fish & Wildlife (DFW)
Sarah Thirtyacre, WA State Recreation & Conservation Office (RCO)

4:00 - 4:30 PM – Open Q&A and Closing
What’d We Learn?  What’s Next?  When’s the Ferry?

In celebration of an 11th Annual Summit well attended, join in a final moderated discussion to review what we’ve learned from one another (landscapes!) and look towards a more productive future. 

Thank your hosts and sponsors, drop off your evaluation form at registration (and your lanyard, if you wish), and bid farewell to one another until next year.  Thank you, again, for coming and for contributing!  Safe travels and see you in 2019!!

Moderator:  Dennis Lewarch, Suquamish Tribe & Summit Agenda Planning Committee

A Special thank you to all those behind the scenes, who help make this
meeting possible:

-Host: Suquamish Tribe
-ALL Speakers, Moderators, and Panelists
-Agenda Planning Committee:
-APT-Applied Preservation Technologies - A program of the nonprofit
Eppard Vision
-Jones N Jones Network Support & Web Design


Comments/Suggestions for the Agenda Planning Committee?
* Please note: All comments and suggestions will be taken into consideration while planning this event.
We are looking for volunteers for next year's planning committee, if you are
interested, please let us know in your comments below.
Thank you.

© The Leadership Series 2016